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Christian Apologetics Toward Muslims & Missions to Muslims

The Sources of Islamic Doctrine – Part 1

QruanThere are two major sources of Islamic doctrine. Of course, the first of these is the Qur’an. Everyone has heard about the Qur’an, but sadly, most people think that is is all of the Islamic scriptures. There is another source which is almost as important to Muslims as the Qur’an for understanding the doctrine of Islam. This other source is the teaching of Muhammad. This body of works is called the Sunnah. The Sunnah is composed of the Sira and the Hadith. The Qur’an is one book, but the Sunnah is much larger. It takes up 9 volumes, and at that, it is an abridged version. It also includes a 10th book by Ibn Isaaq, which is a biography of Muhammad. Apparently the Prophet had more to say than the god.

The Qur’an

Muslims are taught that they not only need to follow the Qur’an, but they must also follow the Prophet. He is, according to Islam, the perfect man and a good Muslim follows his example. Muslims are also taught not to question. They are not allowed to just open the Qur’an and study it for themselves as Christians are taught to do with the Bible. We believe that the Holy Spirit will open our eyes to God’s truth if we study His Word, the Bible.

Muslims are to follow what the scholars say, and if there is a question concerning the meaning of the Qur’an, and there are many, you go to the Sunnah. They look at how Muhammad lived out the Qur’an.

The Qur’an has many problems, Islam claims the Qur’an was recited word for word to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. Muhammad is the only one that received the revelation in the Qur’an. This contrasts with at least 40 men through whom the Bible was given. The revelations of the Qur’an were given only in the last 23 years of Muhammad’s life, while the Bible was given over some 1,5000 years.

According to Muhammad, he would routinely visit this cave to worship. On one evening, while he was meditating, he was visited by a spirit, or Jinn. A jinn could be a demon or an angel. Muhammad wasn’t sure which it was. He originally thought he was visited by a demon. It was his wife who convinced him that it was an angel, not just any angel, but the angel Gabriel.

The first major contradiction of the Qur’an concerns the fact that Muhammad could neither read nor write. The Qur’an refers to him as the “unlettered prophet.” This does not mean that he was dumb, but like many people in that region, he could neither read nor write. Things were passed down through oral traditions. The first book ever written in Arabia was the Qur’an.

At that time Arabia was a pagan, polytheistic region. In Mecca, Muhammad’s birth place, they worshiped 360 different gods. One of these pagan gods was Allah. Muhammad came along saying the Allah had revealed to him that there is only one god, Allah.

The contradiction here is that Allah, who is supposed to be all knowing, picked a man who could nether read nor write, and the first thing he said to him was that he was supposed to read what he put before him. Muhammad tells the spirit three times that he doesn’t know how to read. Supposedly, each time the spirit pressed him physically to read, and finally Muhammad breaks down and says, “I read.”

If Allah is supposed to be God, shouldn’t he know who he is selecting as a prophet to bring revelation of the very words of Heaven? Isn’t it a little strange that he chose someone who could not write it down?

This is a serious problem and Muslims don’t want us to talk about it. So, we won’t tell you that the supposed angel grabbed Muhammad and told him to read, when Muhammad couldn’t read.

The second problem is that once Muhammad had this encounter with the jinn, which was very traumatic, he went home to his wife and curled up in a blanket totally terrified. In the Bible we see many visitations of angels, and we see the people who see them tremble with fear, however, they don’t react as Muhammad did. Muhammad actually thought he was demon possessed.

In the Sira, section T1150 he said:

I thought, woe is me, poet or possessed, never shall the Quraish say this of me. I will go to the top of the mountain and throw myself down that I may kill myself and gain rest.

Muhammad thought he was possessed and wanted to kill himself. He didn’t want the Quraish, his tribal people, to say that he was possessed. The reason he said poet or prophet was that in pre-Islamic culture they believed that poetry was part of demonic worship. Muhammad was convinced that this visitation was demonic. The only way he saw to rid himself of the demon was to commit suicide.

Which prophet from the Bible wanted to commit suicide after being visited by an angel? The closest we can find is Jonah, and he was running away from what God told him to do.

Tradition tells us that it was his wife, his uncle, and a slave convinced him that it was not a demon, it was the angel Gabriel.

The revelation given to Muhammad was given as the final revelation, which meant that it was going to contradict every revelation that came before it, including the Torah, and the New Testament. According to this revelation, the entire Bible has been corrupted, and Allah was giving revelation to Muhammad to correct this.

I often hear that the Qur’an and the Bile have many common stories. There are some stories that are similar, but the entire purpose of the Qur’an was to refute every revelation that came before it.

It is important to note that all of the revelation given to Muhammad comes from a spirit that he first thought was a demon. Others had to convince him that it was the angel Gabriel. Every Muslim will acknowledge that the Qur’an came through this spirit.

Updated: August 30, 2016 — 5:48 AM
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